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Hawai‘i Council for the Humanities presents
7th Annual Distinctive Women in Hawaiian History Program
He Ho‘olaule‘a No Nā Mo‘olelo o Na Wahine, A Celebration of Women's History

Distinctive Women in Hawaii, 2011 Program Distinctive Women in Hawaii, 2011 Program Distinctive Women in Hawaii, 2011 Program Distinctive Women in Hawaii, 2011 Program Distinctive Women in Hawaii, 2011 Program Distinctive Women in Hawaii, 2011 Program Distinctive Women in Hawaii, 2011 Program
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Title & Presenting Sponsor

Hawaii Council for the Humanties

Associate Sponsors

Kamehameha School

Hawaiian Airlines

Pacific Historical Parks

Supporting Sponsors

Enterprise Rent-a-Car

Hawai‘i Convention Center
Projection Presentation Technology
Schmidt Family Foundation
Sheraton Princess Ka‘iulani Hotel
Jeff Widener Photography


Contributing Sponsors

Hawaiian Mission Houses
Honolulu Museum of Art
Liljestrand House Foundation
Lita's Leis and Flower Shoppe
Janet and Stanley Zisk


Marketplace Sponsors

'Ono Sweets, LLC, DBA 'OnoKuki Company
SuShi&BiBimBap


Friends sponsors

HawaiiReads.com, Honolulu Museum of Art and School, Opening chant sponsor is the Pacheco family of Lake Forest, California

Media Partners
Print media:
Honolulu Star Advertiser
Ka Wai Ola, Office of Hawaiian Affairs
Korean Times Herald
MidWeek

TV Broadcast media:
KITV4/ Morning

Radio Broadcast media:
Hawai‘i Public Radio, The Conversation
Hawai‘i Public Radio, Arts and Culture with Noe Tanigawa
Office of Hawaiian Affairs Radio, Nā ‘Ōiwi ‘Ōlino

Service Learning Student Volunteers:
Saint Andrews Priory School


WASP WWII

2013 Program
Sunday, August 25, 2013
8:00 am to 5:00 pm

Hawai‘i Convention Center
Lili‘u Theater (Theater 310) at the Jean Charlot Courtyard, Meeting Level 3
1801 Kalākaua Avenue, Honolulu, Hawai‘i 96815

Theme: Women of World War II Hawai‘i, an Era of Change


Community Involvement - Donations/Crowd Sourcing Opportunity

Help us to continue valuable programs such as this by making a personal investment. Your kōkua (offered in the spirit of cooperation) allows us to offer these programs for FREE so all may experience these stories. Donations in the form of gift cards, gift items, professional services or new DVDs/books are welcome for the Marketplace fundraiser on the day of the event. Donation checks are welcomed payable to: Hawai‘i Council for the Humanities (left corner designating: Distinctive Wm Program)

The program has inspired life transformations and emerging research. And the momentum continues with your generosity.

Please mail donations to:
Distinctive Women in Hawaiian History Program
P.O. Box 3166, Honolulu, HI 96802
Questions: info@DistinctiveWomenHawaii.org

Why invest in this 2013 event? Consider audience response to our 2012 program:

  • Wonderful! A celebration not only of culture and history, but also of the soul, heart, and spirit. Aloha alive at every moment.
  • Mahalo for continuing this annual event which honors and educates many distinctive women of Hawai‘i. It is important to continue awareness of the contributions made in our history.
  • Such a wonderful tribute - so many new discoveries. Great variety of topics.
  • I am very happy to have had the opportunity to hear the many personalities brought in as presenters. Loved also the blend of topics too! Mahalo nui loa.
  • This was my first conference. I wish I had heard about it years earlier so I could have attended then too. I encourage you to get out the word to as many Hawaiian women as possible. They will enjoy it as much as I did!
  • Mahalo for a great, fun, and moving time. Great presentations...each one shed light.
  • Totally outstanding array of different types of presenters'-Outstanding!
  • Awesome!! Every year it gets better!

Morning Session


Living Museum display presentations around Charlot Courtyard

Lei sellers as WWII Camouflage Net Makers
Photographs of drawings, water colors, and oil paintings from Juliette May Fraser's Women at War series.

Background: Honolulu Museum of Art maintains much of Honolulu artist Juliette May Fraser’s [1887-1986] work from her Women in War series which included WWII lei sellers. The art work was later published in her book, Ke Anuenue (University of Hawai‘i Press, 1952). The display invites event guests to experience these works through photographic examination and informal discussions with Honolulu Museum of Art docents and Youth Historians.
Sponsor: Honolulu Museum of Art

Korean artisan display, Korean Calligraphy and Kimchi Demonstration
Cultural display of Korean artisan items typically the purview of Korean women, to include textiles such as Bojagi which is a traditional Korean wrapping cloth, embroidered works, and other textile samples.

Artisan demonstrations include Korean calligraphy which is the Korean tradition of artistic writing in Hangul or Hanja, respectively the Korean alphabet and Chinese characters. Many scholars of Korean calligraphy used hanja until the 1910-1945 Japanese occupation of the Korean peninsula. Nationalist sentiments following the end of the Japanese occupation, led to the popularization of the native hangul alphabet and calligraphic work in hangul has since seen a revival.

A kimchee demonstration is included as the Korean Women's Relief Society of Hawai‘i used their cooking talents in fund raising for women and children in occupied Korea. Kimchee, cod fish mix, and Korean rice cakes (dduk) were typical of their door-to-door fundraising drives.
Sponsor: Korean American Foundation, Korean American Women’s Club of Hawai‘i, in cooperation with the Center for Korean Studies at the University of Hawai‘i at Mānoa.

Hawai‘i History Day exhibit The Sting of a W.A.S.P: Evolving Traditional Views of Women's Rights in Flight. Student project on the history of the U.S. Women Airforce Service Pilots (WASP) of World War II.
Presenters: Youth Historian Malia Meditz, Kamehameha High School - Kapālama Campus and History Teacher Sarah Razee. Sponsor: Hawai‘i Council for the Humanities

Opening ceremony
Administrative Announcements, Emcee Raine Arndt

Hawaiian language greeting, TBA, student, Kamehameha Schools - Kapālama campus
Samoan language greeting,TBA student
Korean language greeting, TBA student

National Anthem and Hawai‘i Pono'ī, sung by TBA student ensemble

Hula Ki‘i (Hawaiian puppetry) and rare hula implements from the tradition of Nona Desha Beamer (1923-2008), Co-Founder of Hula Preservation Society (HPS).

Keiki Dancers taught by Kumu Maile Loo-Ching, Executive Director of HPS.

Opening oli by Ka‘ala Estores Pacheco, Junior, California Polytechnic State University at Pomona, Kamehameha Schools Class 2010.

Presenting Sponsor comments by Robert G. Buss, Executive Director, Hawai‘i Council for the Humanities

Welcome Comments Robert G. Buss, Executive Director, Hawai‘i Council for the Humanities


The Taps Symphony
Dedicated to the honored memories of all military and civilian casualties of World War II, current conflicts, and the wars in between. This tribute uses the universal language of music to free the pain and lingering anger of lives torn apart by war, tragedies of every magnitude, dislocation, and family divisiveness.

Presenters: Introduction by Reginald Padilla, Director of UH Jazz Ensemble, University of Hawai‘i at Mānoa. Featuring UH Jazz Ensemble trumpeters, trombone, and chimes musicians.

United Services Organization (USO) Entertainment Scene Setter
The story introduces the wide variety of USO programs women participated in and the entertainment range showcasing dancing women. The dance forms of the era included hula, swing, social dancing volunteers, and the burlesque dancers from Honolulu's notorious River Street who all rode the USO entertainment circuit to rural military and war worker camps across O‘ahu and throughout the Territory of Hawai‘i.

Traveling hula dancers sponsored by the Honolulu City Civic Recreation Commission, 24 March 1942. Photo 309, Hawai‘i War Records Depository. Reprinted with permission of the Honolulu Star-Bulletin.

Also shared are the USO venues sponsored by Princess Abigail Campbell Kawānanakoa and her sister Alice Kamokila Campbell who extended Hawaiian hospitality in the use of their homes as USO retreats for the duration of the war. Princess Abigail provided her Mālaekahana/ Kahuku beach house, affectionately referred to as the “Princess Home USO”. Additionally, her home on Honolulu’s Pensacola Street became the first US enlisted women’s club which the Princess named “Hui Welina”. Kamokila’s home, Lanikuhonua, a Ko Olina beach retreat, became a showcase for hula performance and a safe place for servicemen to learn to swim. By some estimates her Ewa Beach estate hosted 350,000 servicemen over the course of the war.

The unseemly realities of Hawai‘i's racial segregation as experienced by African Americans is introduced through the story of the USO Rainbow Club which served blacks service men and was a popular venue for black entertainers.

Presenter: Amanda Carona, Staff Historian at Pearl Harbor's WWII Valor of in the Pacific National Monument, includes musical performance of Boogie Woogie Bugle Boy featuring the University of Hawai‘i Jazz Ensemble.

Jazz and Blues Women of WWII Hawai‘i
Explores notable female jazz and blues vocalists who impacted the music and entertainment history of Hawai‘i during the war period. The presentation focuses on the 1940s era music of "Lady Day" Billie Holiday [1915 - 1959], Ella "Queen of Jazz" Fitzgerald [1917-1996] and "Queen of the Blues" Dinah Washington [1924 - 1963].

Their music was imitated in downtown Honolulu and Waikīkī clubs, USO performance venues, live radio broadcast performers, and saturated Territorial air waves of the KGU and KGMB commercial radio stations and across the Pacific regions' Armed Forces Network Radio. Their vocalist styling also influenced Post-War jazz songstress Ethel Azama who was born and raised in Honolulu and was of Okinawan ancestry.

Ethel Azama Explores notable female jazz and blues vocalists who impacted the music and entertainment history of Hawai‘i during the war period. The presentation focuses on the 1940s era music of “Lady Day” Billie Holiday [1915 – 1959], Ella “Queen of Jazz” Fitzgerald [1917-1996] and “Queen of the Blues” Dinah Washington [1924 – 1963]. Their music was imitated in downtown Honolulu and Waikīkī clubs, USO venues, live radio broadcast performances, and saturated Territorial air waves of the KGU and KGMB commercial radio stations and across the Pacific regions’ Armed Forces Network Radio. Their vocalist styling would also influence Post-War jazz Honolulu songstress Ethel Azama who was of Okinawan ancestry.

Presenters: Guitarist and jazz and blues historian Chris Vandercook of Hawai‘i Public Radio, with jazz vocalist Kimberlei Bradford and Reginald Padilla, Director of UH Jazz Ensemble, on tenor saxophone and keyboard. Introduction by Territorial Airwaves historian Harry B. Soria, Jr.

Lei sellers as WWII Camouflage Net Makers: Adapting traditional Hawaiian art forms


These female artisans, which included Hawaiian scholar Mary Kawena Pukui, became the Pacific Theater's premier camouflage net makers from the Kalihi Camouflage Factory housed in Kamehameha Schools dairy farm buildings. As the camouflage net shortage eased, production shifted to making tropical furniture for the war zone.

Presenters: Sarah Razee, History Teacher, Kamehameha Schools High School-Kapālama Campus with Kamehameha Schools High School Youth Historians. Maile Spencer, Senior, Kamehameha Schools Class 2014 and ‘Ilima Peterson,

Women of Action: Dora Kim Moon and the Korean Women's Relief Society
Arriving with the first wave of Korean immigrants to work on Hawai‘i's sugar plantations, Dora Moon [1877-1971] was a pivotal organizer of a modern Korean women's movement in the Territory of Hawai‘i responding to the Japanese occupation of the Korean peninsula. Following the "March 1st Movement" in Korea in 1919, which resulted in scores of Koreans killed, beaten, or arrested by Japanese military authorities, Moon organized Hawai‘i's Korean women in social activism by forming the Korean Women's Relief Society whose activities and convictions supported women and children in occupied Korea throughout WWII.

Presenters: Julie Rancilio, Ph.D. candidate, Assistant Professor of History Kapi‘olani Community College with Korean American immigrant historian Duk Hee Lee Murabayashi sharing Korean women's activities in Hawai‘ through 1950

Box Lunch Menu-available through preregistration

  • Gourmet Turkey Sandwich on fresh baked whole wheat bread, served with chips, whole fresh fruit, mint, and beverage.
  • Flame Grilled Italian Vegetables with Mozzarella on fresh home-baked Focaccia Bread served with chips, whole fresh fruit, mint, and beverage.
Lunch Break, Living Museum Cultural Displays and Marketplace: 50 minutes
Note 1: Break may be slightly shorter if morning session runs long.
Note 2: Personal food containers and beverages (other than bottled water) cannot be brought inside Theater 310 nor be stored in adjacent Charlot Courtyard.

Afternoon Session


Military Nursing and White Cap Sketches: Lieutenant (2LT) Monica Conter Benning, 1LT Annie G. Fox, and 2LT Anna Urda Busby
The Pearl Harbor Survivor ranks included 200 Army and Navy nurses serving on that fateful day, Dec. 7, 1941. These medical first responders were assigned to Hickam Field Base Hospital, Tripler General Hospital on Fort Shafter, Schofield Hospital, Pearl Harbor Hospital, Navy hospital ship USS Solace (moored in Pearl Harbor), and later supporting Aiea Naval Hospital (opened Nov. 1942, present day Camp Smith) and converted hospitals at Farrington High School and Kamehameha School. Eye witness accounts reveal military nurses served patients with distinction and compassion, yet their place in medical history and community memory is largely overlooked.


Presenter: Patricia Liehr Ph.D., RN, Associate Dean for Nursing Research & Scholarship, Christine E. Lynn College of Nursing, Florida Atlantic University in Boca Raton, Florida
Sponsor: Schmidt Family Foundation

Irrepressible "Fly Girls": the U.S. Women Airforce Service Pilots (WASP)
Explores America's first female military aircraft aviators including instructor pilot Cornelia Fort who trained Army Air Corps cadets in Hawai‘i, 1930s aviation pioneer Jackie Cochran, and Chinese-American pilot Margaret "Maggie" Gee. These 1,074 women performed non-combat WWII flying missions and ferried almost all aircraft manufactured during the war, thus freeing male pilots for combat overseas. The story reveals how the upheaval of war profoundly changed these WASP pilots and cemented aviation aspirations for future generations.

Presenter: Vera S. Williams, author of WASPs: Women Airforce Service Pilots of World War II (Pacific Historic Parks, 2011), joined by legacy female pilots representing the United States Army, Navy, Marine Corps, Coast Guard, Air Force, and the Hawai‘i Air National Guard.

Women's History in WWII Hawai‘i is America's History:
Elevating women’s storytelling in the National Parks across Hawai‘i, inclusive of the roles played by native women at Kalaupapa on Molokaʻi, women of color, and the Japanese American women of the internment experience of O‘ahu’s Honouliuli Camp.

Presenters: Eileen Martinez, Chief of Interpretation from Pearl Harbor’s WWII Valor in the Pacific National Monument with Internment Survivor Amy Hiratzka Mizuno, age 91, of Honolulu. Music introduction Remembering Pearl Harbor sung by Hawaiian Music Hall of Fame member Noelani Māhoe and author of Nā mele o Hawai‘i Nei: 101 Hawaiian Songs. Introduction by Park Superintendant Paul DePrey, WWII Valor in the Pacific National Monument.

Acknowledgments

Presenter: Jamie Conway, Director and Founder, Distinctive Women in Hawaiian History

Hawaiian Dancing Ladies and the practice of Hula during war time
Featured performance of the era’s Hapa Haole music and dance:
Waikīkī, lyrics and music by Andy Cummings, 1938 (Ranked among 50 Greatest Hawai‘ei Songs, Honolulu Magazine, June 2007)
Haole Hula, lyrics and music by R. Alex Anderson, 1928
Song of Old Hawai‘ei, lyrics and music by Gordon Beecher and Johnny Noble, 1938
This is Hawai‘ei, lyrics and music by Maddy K. Lam

Background: Hawaiian Music and Musicians explains "the term hapa-haole has traditionally referred to a song with predominately English lyrics interspersed with one or more Hawaiian words". The era typically includes 1915 through 1959 statehood. During the 1930s, Hollywood enthusiastically embraced hapa haole, most notably in awarding the 1938 Oscar for Best Song to Harry Owens for Sweet Leilani featured in the film Waikīkī Wedding.

Presenters: Hawaiian songstress Marlene Sai and Kumu Hula Michael Pili Pang with Hālau Hula Ka No‘eau.

Hālau Hula Ka No‘eau opened its doors in 1986 guided by the belief that the best foundation in creating something new is through understanding the past. Under the tutelage of Maiki Aiu Lake and Mae Kamāmalu Klein, Kumu Hula Michael Pili Pang graduated as an ‘ōlapa (dancer) in 1979 and then as Kumu hula in 1984. [Reference: Prince Lot Hula Festival 2013 printed program]

Marlene Sai started her recording career soon after graduating Kamehameha High School. One of her most notable albums was the 1959 recording, Kainoa, which featured Sonny Chillingsworth on slack key guitar and Don Ho on the organ. Marlene headlined at the Royal Hawaiian Hotel's storied Monarch Room. Her signature song, Waikīkī, was written by her uncle Andy Cummings. In 1987, Marlene starred in a one-actress play called Hear Me, O My People and the PBS documentary Betrayal both portraying Queen Lili‘uokalani, Hawai‘i’s last monarch. Her illustrious singing career included a 2008 concert in New York City’s Carnegie Hall.

Closing Ceremony: Na Mele Hawaiian Music Hall of Fame member Noelani Māhoe singing E Kolu Mea Nui (The Three Greatest Things) by Robert J.K. Nāwāhine circa 1925. This song reminds us that the greatest gift we can share is that of love.

Program Evaluation turn-in upon exiting Lili‘u Theater

NOTE: schedule subject to change

Remembering Women Cultural Treasures of Hawai‘i
The printed program will feature short essays on the legacies of women cultural treasures who have passed away since our last program.

Planning your arrival and the day's outing

Start times
8:00 a.m. Check-in opens, Living Museum cultural displays, Book and Gift Bazaars around Charlot Courtyard
8:45 a.m. Theater opens to ‘Ilima guests
8:50 a.m. Theater opens to Lehua and Hibiscus guests
9:00 a.m. Theater 310 presentations start promptly
9:15 a.m. Space available guests fill unoccupied seats
Book and Gift Bazaar, Book Basket Raffle and Restaurant Gift Certificate fundraiser
Back by popular demand...a shopping experience unlike any other!
A donation through these event fundraisers will help us continue to showcase these women's history stories. Payments accepted: Cash and checks; ATMs are located in the Center's Lobby and 3rd Level

Community Involvement - Recycling of old Cell Phone and Canned Meat/Tuna Food Drive
During Check-in, drop off used cell phones for the Cell Phones for Soldiers program, which provides pre-paid phone cards to US military forces serving overseas and outreach to returning veterans through 'Helping Heroes Home'. We also are accepting canned meat or tuna to help Honolulu families served by River of Life Mission.

Public Transportation: Located along The Bus's many routes connecting to Ala Moana Center and routes entering Waikīkī neighborhood. Please consult Sunday bus schedules at: www.thebus.org.

Walking: Five (5) minute walk from the Macy's end of Ala Moana Center. Ten to fifteen minute walk from Waikīkī hotels.

Parking: Enter Convention Center parking garage from Kalākaua Avenue/mauka of the Convention Center. Daily flat rate (one-entry) parking fee is payable on the garage-level at the parking payment window or adjacent kiosk. Payment options: cash, Visa, Master Card, and American Express cards.